Guide for Authors

Draft article format for the scientific quarterly "Culture Studies - Communication"

Every "scientific" article has this general structure:

Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction or Problem Statement, Research Background, Theoretical Foundations, Research Methodology, Research Findings, Discussion and Conclusion, Suggestions, References, and English Abstract (Title, Organizational Dependence of Authors, and Keywords)
Please, for the coherence of the articles published in the scientific quarterly "Culture-Communication Studies", the main titles of the article should be adjusted based on the mentioned titles and similar titles should be avoided.

Each of these sections will be described separately.


The first page of the article should include the title, abstract and keywords.
The title of the article should be accurate and as short and interesting as possible to make the reader interested in reading the article. Also show the main idea of ​​the article.
The number of words used in the title should be between 10 and 15 words.
The title should not be too short or too long. If the title is too short, it will confuse the reader and create ambiguity, and if the title is too long, it will cause the reader to ignore it.
Important Note: It is important to avoid using extra words in the title of the article. For example, the use of words such as "studies about", "review", "evaluation", "study", etc. is not allowed except for meta-analysis.
It is recommended to refer to the variable or dependent variables as a function of the independent variable or variables.
If the title of the article is derived from a dissertation or research project, the title of the article does not have to be exactly the same as the title of the dissertation or research project.

The author / ویسauthors and the organization / واب affiliated organizations (in the author / s profile file) as well as on the first page of the site should be mentioned in detail.

In the profile file, after the title, the name of the creator / s is written and their organizational (academic) affiliation is expressed. (For example, refer to the articles published on the site.)
It is necessary to indicate the email address of the creator / s in the form of footnotes in order to allow the audience to communicate with them.
If the creator is not affiliated with a particular organization, include his or her degree.
The order in which the name of the author (s) is written depends on the degree of their cooperation and is an agreement between the author / s of the article.
If the activity of all creators / s is the same, their names can be written in alphabetical order. Titles such as doctor, professor, engineer, and the like should be avoided.
The names of the authors should be fully mentioned when submitting the article to the dissertation (adding co-authors is not justified after the judging process is over.) Student articles must To be attached when the article is uploaded (responsible author must be specified)

Abstract and keywords

Persian abstract with XB Niloofar font in the form of a paragraph, after the names of the author (s). The abstract, while being concise, should clearly indicate the content of the article and by emphasizing the methods, should indicate the results and the importance of their use and should not use vague acronyms. Refrain from mentioning sources. The number of abstract words is between 150 and 250 words. Keywords should be written in alphabetical order with the XB Niloofar font. The number of keywords should not exceed 5. Avoid bringing a footnote in the title, Persian and English abstracts.

Introduction / Problem statement (Original article XB Niloofar (11) and Latin words from Times New Roman (9))

The content of the introduction is based on the latest international guidelines and standards, including introductory explanations, problem statement, main purpose, questions or hypotheses.

All of these should be put together like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle so that at the end of this section, the reader has an overview of all the information used in this article.

Research background

In this first section, introductory material on the subject of research is stated, and then research backgrounds are reviewed. A logical inference is then made from the background review, and the existing research vacuum (s) are shown. Obviously, the best method of review is the analytical or analytical-critical method in which the backgrounds are grouped based on the similarities of the approach, regardless of the time and place, and the researcher's opinion (s) are expressed towards them.

Theoretical foundations of research

In this section, the theories that the researcher has used in his article are briefly mentioned. It should be noted that the theories mentioned in this section should be explained and interpreted by the researcher in the research results section and based on the research findings.

research method

This section includes the research design, method or approach (with a detailed description of the general method and the specific method of conducting the research), the research community, data collection tools, and data analysis methods. In the first stage, the researcher must explain the research method and research design, whether quantitative or qualitative, so that the reader gets a clear picture of what has been done during the research. Therefore, it is necessary to provide accurate and clear explanations of the process to the research findings.

The researcher must identify the target population so that the reader of the research knows who this research is aimed at. It should then identify the subjects or participants in the study who actually determined the research sample. Of course, in case studies, the method of sample selection and the type of subject are different from the samples of other researches.

The next step is for the researcher to determine the research tool (data collection). In this section, it is necessary to pay attention to this point, if the device and tools used in the scientific community are known, there is no need for an accurate and complete explanation, and only mentioning the name of the test or research tool along with a brief explanation about reliability and The validity of the tool is sufficient. But if the research tool is designed by the researcher himself, a full explanation of how to evaluate the reliability and validity of the tool is needed. Then the method of data analysis should be described, and the statistical steps taken should be mentioned.

Research Findings

The analysis and expression of the collected data is done in statistical formats (descriptive and inferential), qualitative, and combined with limited interpretation of the data in this section. It should be noted that to explain and express the collected data, it is enough to use one of the chart, shape, and table tools. In cases where the research has a question, the answer to the question should be explained clearly and unambiguously. If there is a hypothesis in the research, the tests should be described accurately and the rejected or confirmed hypotheses should be identified.


The main value of the research lies in this section. Because the research findings are determined, and the researcher's final understanding of the research is expressed. In general, in this section, accurate interpretation of the data and expression of the researcher / s view towards the findings, comparison of the research findings with the findings of previous researches and showing the position of the research among similar researches, brief statement of the limitations faced by the research. And research proposal (s) inferred from research findings.

Method of writing sources and references

The sources used in the article should be based on the method of citation within the text and similar to the examples and templates that are introduced below:

Regarding the title of the articles, writing the names of the authors and not contenting with the first letter of the name [in the list of Persian and English sources], bolding the titles of books and quarterly journals, using "" for the title of articles [in the list of Persian and English sources], etc. .)

A) Sample for the book: (The title of the book is bold)

- Surname, name (year of publication). Book title, translation ..........., volume several, edition several, place of publication: publisher.

B) Sample for the article (the name of the journal is bolded)

- Surname, name (year). "Article Title", Journal Name, Issue: 28-1 [Article Pages in the Journal].

C) Sample for the site (site name or title is bolded)

- Surname of the author of the article [if any], name [if anonymous, site name or title]. (Year of writing or posting on the site) [If it is duplicate, its number in numbers or letters]. "Article or article title", site name or title. Reset to: day, month, year, hour to: [site link].

In sources; Books and articles should be brought together, as well as websites and documents, in alphabetical order.
Do not number end text sources.

Referral method and instructions

References should be in-text. Example: (Motamednejad, 1389: 56-55) or (Arbabi, 1396, site) or (Delavar, Shafiabadi et al., 1395: 25) or Castells, 1999: 159). In case of using direct quotation, the text of the use should be included in the quotation mark and at the end of the quoted sentence, after mentioning the name of the author and the year of publication of the work, the page number should also be mentioned.
The author is responsible for the accuracy of the contents of the article and the list of sources. It is necessary for the esteemed author to check the conformity and consistency of the in-text references and final sources of the article before submitting it.
Authors can also benefit from the results of research published in previous issues of the quarterly.

All sources in the text should be listed as follows:

An author: author name and year of publication (Smith, 2003);
Two authors: name of both author and year of publication (Smith & Jones, 2004);
More than two authors:

For the first time: (Hoges, Jensen, Olsen, & Forgan, 2013)

In the following references: (Hoges et al., 2013)

Sources may be directly or in parentheses. Sources should be listed in alphabetical order and year of publication.


For the first time: (Allan, 1996a, b, 1999; Allan & Jones, 1995; Hoges, Jensen, Olsen, & Forgan, 2013)

In the following references:

(Allan, 1996a, b, 1999; Allan & Jones, 1995; Hoges et al., 2013)

Kramer (2000): Kramer and Smith (2000); Hoges et al. (2013)



Takemori, T., Tsurumi, T., Takagi, M., & Ito, M. (1993). U.S. Patent No. 5,232,734. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Institute of Standards and Industrial Research of Iran. (2008). Microbiology of food and animal feeding stuffs - Horizontal method for the enumeration of yeasts and molds -Part 1: Colony count technique in products with water activity greater than 0.95. (ISIRI Standard No. 10899.1). Retrieved from (in Persian)


Pourashouri, p. (2012). Evaluation of the physicochemical and oxidative stability of microcapsules containing oil fish and omega-3. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation), Sari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (in Persian)

Alinasabhematabadi, L. (2015). Protein oxidation in Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) during chilled and frozen storage. (mastre's thesis), NTNU, Retrieved from

Holopainen-Mantila, U. (2015). Composition and structure of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grain in relation to end uses. (Doctoral dissertation), Department of Biosciences, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Plant Biology, VTT Technical Research Center of Finland, University of Helsinki, Retrieved from S78.pdf? Sequence = 1 & isAllowed = y

Scientific magazine

Eisa Zadeh, H., & Khademian, M. (2006). Preparation of Polypyrrole and Its Composites in Various Solutions Using Different Additives and Studying the orphology and Conductivity of the Prepared Film. Iranian Journal of Polymer Science and Technology, 19 (2), 131-136. (in Persian) doi: https: //

Osman, M. (2010). Controlling uncertainty: A review of human behavior in complex dynamic environments. Psychological Bulletin, 136 (1), 65-86. doi:

Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L.,. . . Griffin, W. A. ​​(2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother and mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 843-856. doi:


Glaszious, P., Irwig, L., Bain, C., & Colditz, G. (2001). Systematic reviews in health care: A practical guide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Fatemi, H. (2016). Food Chemistry: Enteshar Publication Company. (in Persian)

Doust, J. (2010). Evidence about diagnosis. In T. Hoffman, S. Bennett, & C. Del Mar (Eds.), Evidence-based practice: Across the health professions (pp. 128-144). Chatswoord, NSW: Elsevier Australia

Conferences and seminars

Sanaeifar, A., Mohtasebi, S. S., Ghasemi-Varnamkhasti, M., & Siadat, M. (2014, Nov). Application of an electronic nose system coupled with artificial neural network for classification of banana samples during shelf-life process. Paper presented at the 2014 International Conference on Control, Decision and Information Technologies (CoDIT).

Ghorbani Hassan Sariei, A., Shahidi, F., Bahadorghousi, H., & Motamedzadegan, A. (2012, October). Potentials of different omega-3 fatty acids in food enrichments. Paper presented at the 2nd Food Security Conference, Islamic Azad University, Savadkuh Branch. (in Persian)