عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The main aim of the current paper is to identify and analyze the Structural and Professional obstacles to media monitoring over the government and governmental organizations of Iran. This research is a kind of applied-exploratory study. The study has applied qualitative method (in-depth interview with journalists and public relations professionals) for information gathering and purposive sampling method for selecting samples.
Research results show that the most important political obstacles are secrecy in the media due to the heavy shadow of politics, the government officials’ attitude toward the media as a tool serving their purpose, the government intervention in all of the media affairs, media mostly belonging to the government, political encounter with the media, the partisan functionality of the media, and the politicians engagement in the media management. Also the most important legal and juridical obstacles to media monitoring over the governmental organizations, are avoiding to recognize the media and citizens rights to access the information of legal texts, not considering the restriction of access to the information of organizations as criminalization , the obligation of having license and permits for media activities, the wide range of exceptions and redlines assigned to the information, personal interpretation of the press law (media) against the media interest and the lack of clear definition for press crime and its charges.