عنوان مقاله [English]
Literature is a social document by analyzing which we can reach an outline for social situations of a given era. Islamic revolution era, has undergone so many developments and vicissitudes with regard to social conditions of Iranian people that has been reflected in the poetry of this period of time. In this paper, we have studied the social criticism reflected in the first to third decades of the Islamic revolution of Iran on this basis through discourse analysis method. In our research, we focused on which concerning the quiddity of the prevailing discourses on social criticism reflected in the three decades of Islamic revolution.
We made interview with ten experts of the field to select distinguished social poets of each one of the three decades, and then, we picked up 5 poems of each selected poets that displayed social criticism more prominently. In general, 75 poems from the three decades of have been analyzed by the Practical Discourse Analysis Method (PDAM) and prevailing discourses on social criticism of each decade as well as development process of theses discourses have been reviewed and made clear.
Summing up the analysis steps, six top discourses on social criticism reflected in poets’ poems of the three decades have been concluded in: criticism of social- moral erosion, criticism of social-cultural erosion, criticism of social-psychological erosion, criticism of social-economic erosion, criticism of social-religious erosion, and criticism of social-political erosion.