عنوان مقاله [English]
Rumors are unofficial and invalid statements that create in several steps within communication systems, since information transmitted from a person to another, so there is huge chance for mutilate information.
(Gloria 2015). Today rumors in social messengers, for example Telegram, are very rampant and on the other side, Telegram users and people believed this rumors easily and even retransmit that rumors.
One of the main reasons that users interests in diffusing rumors on social messengers is that they are not adhere to Gothenburg - Written communication principles and so they go from first Oral communication to second one. On the other side when audience does not convinced by official media (like national TV) and feels the event whole or partly doesn’t expose to him (by TV policy officers or reporter). So they lose trust in official news agencies and therefore try to get information from other ways like social messengers, resulting that audiences use news and rumors (planned or unplanned) that diffuse in social messengers as a source of information.
In this thesis researcher wants to investigate if national (government or state) media inform audiences truly, can we still observe rumor transmission and retransmission on society? How much of the national media is effective in the growth of this phenomenon? In fact researcher wants to investigate the Relation between Trust to the National Media and the Reliable Predictability of the Rumors that spread in Telegram (social messenger) in Ahvaz (city).
In this research observed that 37.8 percent of audiences admitted Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting(national media) in the field of fast transfer of relevant news,53.6 of audiences admitted Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting in using of reliable sources for news, 57.8 audiences admitted that The dependence of the national media on the political system in too strong, 50.3 of audiences admitted too strong and strong censorship in Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting(national media), and 37.5 percent of audiences describe the performance of national media in Comprehensiveness of news and programs as suitable, also observed that fast transfer of news, The dependence of the national media on the current political system(government) and censorship are effective factors in the tendency to believe in the rumor on social messenger