عنوان مقاله [English]
Throughout the Islamic period of Iranian history before Safavid dynasty and for a short period of time Alebouyeh dynasty there were not any religious Shiite governments in this country. In fact, we can claim after 9 century from coming Islam to Iran, Islam became a dominant religion in Persia just when safavid ruled the country. They revived national identity as well as ancient values, so they established school of Shi'a Islam as the official religion of their empire so they mixed Sufism with politics in Iran .the relation between Shi'a and Iranian culture was so strong. During this era religion played an important role in Iranian culture and Art. Indeed, ideological and social changes affected arts during safavid empire .Iranian artists in this era tried to show their religious point of view in their work especially their feeling for Prophet Mohammed and 12 saint Imams. They indicated their Shi'a point of view in their works. In this era the content of Linear text and painting in Iranian architecture as well as artifacts all indicate that Shi'a theology was the dominant thought among Iranian artist and people.
This paper try to resent dominant religion and religious element which is reflected in Persian carpet weaving, calligraphy and painting in this era and there is a historical look in this case .