عنوان مقاله [English]
This study focuses primarily on one of the most important demographic issues, that is, the association between religious belonging and fertility desires. It presents research-based evidence in order to explain the patterns and determinants related to such an important association from a sociological perspective. The key research questions of the present analysis include: Are individuals’ fertility desires affected by their religious belonging? Whether religious belonging or socio-economic characteristics do play a more important role in individuals’ fertility desires? This analysis is based on a survey conducted in rural and urban areas of Ahvaz, Babolsar, Bojnord, Esfarayen, Gonbad Kavos, Kamyaran, Khoramabad, Mahmoudabad, Hamadan, and Saghez. The survey includes 4267 males and females aged 15 years old and over.
Generally speaking, the results of this analysis provide fresh and new research findings to support the notion developed by Westoff & Jones (1979) and Kaufman & Skirbekk (2012), suggesting that the influence of religious belonging on fertility desires tends to gradually decrease when the contemporary societies become more modern. The research findings of this analysis have also confirmed that despite some differences across religious groups, their fertility desires are still substantially affected by socio-economic determinants. Accordingly, the sustainable and comprehensive success of policies and planning remain on nationwide development programs in order to improve the socio-economic characteristics of the individuals, irrespective of religious belonging.
Fertility desires, religious belonging, sociological perspective, socio-economic characteristics, Iran.