عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the methods has been common for Badness-removing from the past to the present is the sacrificial ritual. This ritual is one of the manifestations of worship and is believed to be religious and ideological practice. This research which is a qualitative study, tries to study the ritual of sacrifice in the popular culture of Ivan city using a phenomenological approach; The sampling method was a snowball using semi-structured interviews to investigate beliefs about sacrifice among 18 elderly people in Ivan City and its six villages. The results of the research show that the sacrifice in the Ivan's popular culture can be analyzed in five sections and is often carried out for the purpose of Badness-removing and malevolent ward off. The important point is that due to the lack of financial resources in the traditional community, most sacrifices are made without blood except in important celebrations and events such as birth, marriage, mourning, difficult illness and pilgrimage trips that blood sacrifices being offered. In such cases, they believe that if no blood is shed, that disaster won't be repelled. Regarding the moderation of the sacrifice in popular culture, it can be said that the first sacrifice is more commonly in the bloodstream and the more we go, Animal corps replaces with the non-bloody sacrifice, as blood donations are limited to a limited extent today. Mostly sacrifice is offered in the form of prayer, sacrifice or donation of charity and money; including the vow of hair, which is later moderated by the replacement of money, jewelry and forgiveness. One of the most important factors of moderation is the expansion of awareness and understanding of superstitions and the importance of animals such as cattle and sheep in agricultural life and activity.